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15 Signs You Have a Hormonal Imbalance and What You Can Do About It

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13 Signs You Have a Hormonal Imbalance and What You Can Do About It

We ladies know the trouble, stress, and frustration that hormonal imbalances can cause us. When hormones fluctuate, we can feel angry, emotional, tired, moody, and suffer the embarrassment from an outbreak of acne. However, no matter what our partners say, hormonal balance is key to our general health and not just a lame excuse for mood swings and feeling “off color.”

In fact, the signs of hormonal imbalances don’t just affect our mood and emotions. Our hormones also directly affect our chances of becoming pregnant and can also affect ovulation and sexual desire.

In this article, you will learn about the symptoms of hormonal imbalance and the reasons why your body’s natural chemistry is constantly changing. First of all, let’s look at why it’s important to have your hormones in balance.


What are Hormones?

Hormones are produced by glands in the body and control most bodily functions – everything from very simple needs like hunger and sleep to complex ones like the onset of puberty and controlling the reproductive system.

According to the Endocrine Society, knowing what causes changes in your hormones levels can help you take control of your health. In fact, even just small imbalances in your hormones can cause life-changing symptoms.1

For example, your adrenal glands produce cortisol which is closely connected with your stress response. However, high levels of cortisol can affect a woman’s sex drive and menstrual cycle. Cortisol can also be a factor behind high levels of anxiety and depression.2

Your ovaries secrete hormones like estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone which are sex hormones that control the menstrual cycle, fertility, and sex drive. However, according to the University of Rochester estrogen is also linked to cognitive function, breast health, and your cardiovascular system.28

Other hormones control other necessary functions in the body. For example, leptin influences your body weight and fat, melatonin helps us get a good night’s sleep, and thyroxine helps regulate your heartbeat and control your metabolism.

What Causes Hormonal Imbalance?

Your hormones have to work together in balance to help your body thrive. However, hormone ups and downs in women are very common, so if you feel that you have a hormonal imbalance, you are not alone.

Doctors from WebMD say that some of the common causes of an imbalance in hormone production in women are pre-menstrual syndrome, pregnancy, and the menopause. However, other lifestyle factors can cause hormones to fluctuate. Being overweight, not getting enough exercise, or a lack of sleep can all throw your hormones off balance.3

Other reasons for hormone fluctuations are an underactive thyroid that doesn’t produce enough thyroxine (T4). Doctors from the Mayo Clinic say that hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) can leave you feeling lethargic, cause changes in your menstrual system, or make it difficult to lose weight.4

Also, diabetes is a common cause of hormonal imbalances and can affect, not just the insulin hormone, but also other blood sugar-related hormones, sex hormones, and growth hormones.5


Common Signs of Hormonal Imbalance

Knowing the signs of a hormonal imbalance in women can help you address the underlying cause and help get your hormones in balance again. Sometimes, all you need is to make some lifestyle changes to help your body produce enough hormones. Other times, you can use some natural remedies to help manage the symptoms of a hormonal imbalance.

1. Sleep disorders

A sharp rise in the hormone progesterone before your period can make falling asleep more difficult. Dr. Traci Johnson on WebMD says that progesterone helps with sleep patterns and can make falling and staying asleep more difficult.6

Also, the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine reported that estrogen and progesterone drop sharply after childbirth. This can be a factor why many women have difficulty sleeping after giving birth and low levels of these hormones have been linked with post-natal depression.7

If you want to choose a more natural approach to sleep disorders, you can read my articles about the 12 best herbs for insomnia, the best foods to get better sleep, or try these essential oils to improve sleep disorders.

2. Mood swings, anxiety, and depression

A hormonal imbalance can cause you to experience mood swings and heightened anxiety just before your period or during the menopause.

Estrogen levels constantly fluctuate during the reproductive cycle. Researchers from Harvard found that women with low estrogen levels are more prone to feeling the effects of emotional stress. They found that in clinical trials, higher levels of estrogen helped to calm the “fear response” helping you to be less fearful.8

Other studies have found that fluctuations in the hormone cortisol and hormones produced by the pituitary, hypothalamic, and gonadal glands can cause depressive symptoms. Researchers found that low levels of the cortisol hormone were found in women who have fibromyalgia and symptoms of depression.9

If you suffer from mood swings and anxiety during the menopause, you can find some helpful advice in my article on 10 herbs and supplements for menopause. If depression and anxiety is a result of hormonal imbalances, then you can help relieve these symptoms naturally by trying some natural treatments for depression after consulting with your doctor.

3. Persistent acne

Regular outbreaks of acne are associated with hormonal imbalances and could be the reason why you have pimples before your period.

Although the cause of acne is clogged skin pores that become infected with bacteria, doctors from the Mayo Clinic say that hormonal changes can trigger acne and make it worse. They say that low levels of androgen hormones can exacerbate acne symptoms. 10

There are many ways to get rid of acne naturally without any harmful side effects. For example, tea tree oil is a great antibacterial ingredient that can be used in many natural acne therapies.

4. Belly fat and persistent weight gain

Because hormones are connected with your weight, imbalances in hormone levels can make it more difficult to lose weight.


Dr. Natasha Turner on the “Doctor Oz Show” said that any hormonal imbalances will make it difficult to lose weight. For example, high levels of estrogen, cortisol, and insulin along with low testosterone and DHEA can cause you to put on extra belly fat.11

In fact, researchers from Harvard say that having excess abdominal fat can also disrupt your hormones even more. They found that excess fat around your belly can also produce hormones that can affect your health.12   

The European Thyroid Journal also reported that low thyroid hormones slow down metabolism and can lead to weight gain.13

There are many great ways to lose belly fat naturally. For example, certain foods can help to shed a few inches from your waist while other foods should be avoided, or you can try some my 12 simple tweaks for weight loss.

5. Loss of muscle mass

Growth hormones help to build muscle mass and a lack of certain hormones may make it difficult to keep muscles strong.

The British Journal of Pharmacology reported that the pituitary gland produces growth hormones that stimulate tissue growth. These hormones interact with insulin and directly affect muscle mass.14

But did you know that you can eat green tomatoes and apples to halt muscle mass loss? Research has found that apples and green tomatoes contain compounds that can help to reverse age-related muscle weakness and atrophy. For more information on how these foods can help restore muscle mass, please read my article on how to keep muscles strong naturally.

6. Sweating

Irregular and excessive sweating could also be a sign of a hormonal imbalance. Hormones control your body’s temperature and if your hormones are off balance, they may cause you to sweat more.

Researchers from Harvard Medical School found that sweating could be a symptom of a hormonal condition. However, this is usually harmless and the only problem it may cause is discomfort or embarrassment if you sweat excessively. 15

7. Memory fog

If you have found that you keep forgetting where you put things, it could because of hormonal fluctuations. The drop in hormone levels when a woman reaches the menopause can cause memory fog and even confusion. Also, stress hormones can affect the function of the brain and cause some memory impairment.

The website WebMD reported on studies carried out on the effects of low estrogen in menopausal women. They found that a drop in estrogen levels can cause forgetfulness, reduction in clarity of mind, and inability to concentrate. 16

Researchers from The University of Iowa also found that high levels of cortisol when we have stress can affect your short-term memory.17

To find out what to do about high levels of the stress hormone cortisol, please read my article on how to lower levels of cortisol naturally. You can also consume these foods and herbs to improve memory or sniff this herb to enhance your memory.


8. Hunger pangs

Feeling frequent pangs of hunger is also a sign that your hormones are up and down. Your body secretes a number of hormones that control appetite and hunger. Any imbalance in these hormones will cause food cravings and may lead to you gaining excess pounds.

Doctors from WebMD found that 2 hormones – leptin and ghrelin – need to be in balance to control hunger. For example, leptin decreases your appetite when you have eaten a meal. However, ghrelin increases appetite and can cause you to feel hungry even though you have just eaten.18

 Another factor that can cause hormonal imbalance that gives you hunger pangs is a lack of sleep, so getting enough sleep is important for your overall health and to help prevent obesity.

9. Digestive problems

Stress can have a detrimental impact on your general health because it stimulates the production of certain hormones in your body. Maybe you have sometimes felt that your stomach starts turning or “churning” in stressful situations? This “gut” feeling is connected to your hormones.

The Texas A&M University found that an estrogen imbalance and some steroid hormones affect the microflora in the gut when a person is under stress. The researchers found that healthy bacteria in the gut and a healthy diet helped to reduce the response of stress in the gut.19     

Other researchers have found that higher levels of hormones produced by the ovaries can also be the reason for cramping abdominal pain before your period as well as bloating and alterations in bowel patterns. It was reported that cramping pain, in particular, was more intense in women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). 20

10. Constant fatigue

We can all get tired from time to time, but if you feel that you are constantly tired then you could have an imbalance of the thyroid hormone thyroxin. However, other changes in hormone levels caused by lack of sleep, stress, or your menstrual cycle can also cause chronic fatigue.

The University of Maryland reported that hormone production may play a role in the development of chronic fatigue syndrome.21 Other studies have shown that hypothyroidism can cause tiredness, weight gain, and muscle weakness.22

11. Headaches and migraine

Hormonal fluctuations around the menstrual cycle may cause you to have headaches or even migraines. There are many factors like stress and tiredness that can bring on a headache. However, hormonal changes can be a major factor of headaches in many women.

Doctors from the Mayo Clinic reported that hormone-headaches can be eased when estrogen levels are stable and balanced in the body. It seems that estrogen increases headache-causing chemicals in the brain around the menstrual period.23

If you suffer from headaches and migraines, then there are many helpful remedies to use at home for headache relief. Also, you can try some essential oils for migraines like lavender oil, peppermint oil, or chamomile essential oil.

12. Hot flashes and night sweats

A sign of hormonal imbalance is experiencing hot flashes and night sweats. Hot flashes (or hot flushes) are commonly associated with the menopause.


According to the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, hot flashes are one of the most common reasons for women to visit their doctor during the menopause. This is because the hot flashes can affect quality of sleep, cause depression, and result in a decreased quality of life.24  

Dr. Louise Newson on says that an estrogen imbalance can cause an intense feeling of flushing and heat in the face, neck, and chest. This makes many women self-conscious because the sweating the flushes cause are difficult to ignore.25

If you feel like you are “living in the tropics” during the menopause, then please try some of my natural remedies for hot flashes. There you can find out how remedies like flaxseed, red clover, and evening primrose oil can give you a welcome relief from menopause symptoms.

13. Vaginal dryness

Another symptom of estrogen hormone imbalance is changes in the vaginal wall that causes dryness. This can make sex uncomfortable and cause itching, discomfort and painful.

Dr. Gloria Blackman on explains that estrogen is needed to keep the vagina moist and maintain the thickness of the lining of the vagina. Some of the causes of a drop in estrogen that results in dryness in the vagina are the menopause, having a baby, or having your ovaries removed.26  

Some natural home treatments for vaginal dryness include using vitamin E suppositories as a lubricant or using coconut oil and olive oil to moisturize the vagina.

14. Breast changes

If you have a hormonal imbalance, there is a greater risk that you have lumpy breasts which can feel tender and sore to touch. The lumps caused by hormonal fluctuations are usually cysts or fibroids and are harmless. However, you should always have any lump in your breast checked out by a doctor to rule out the possibility of breast cancer.

Very often, women develop larger breasts during the menopause or they can sag more. This is because the drop in hormone levels causes breast tissue to become less dense and fatty.

The National Cancer Institute says that breast changes in women are very common and aren’t usually cancerous. These changes occur due to hormonal changes or aging and you may notice that lumps come and go with your menstrual cycle.27  

15. Low sex drive

Because your ovaries produce sex hormones, any imbalance in your hormone levels can affect your sexual desire. Estrogen is associated with increased sex drive and progesterone with reduced desire for sexual intimacy.

Researchers have found that the menstrual fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone greatly affect libido. When progesterone levels increased in the body before the menstrual period the sex drive decreased.28

If you feel that your sex drive needs a boost, you can try epimedium (horny goat weed) as a natural remedy to improve libido.

If you suspect that you have health conditions that are related to a hormonal imbalance, you should see your doctor or trained specialists such as obstetricians, gynecologists and endocrinologists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of hormonal imbalance. They can diagnose and treat various conditions that are hormone-related and help to balance hormones.

read these related articles:

Article Sources

  1. Hormone. What are hormones?
  2. Hormone. What does cortisol do?
  3. WebMD. Escape from hormone horrors.
  4. MayoClinic. Hypothyroidism.
  5. WebMD. How will age-related hormone changes affect you?
  6. WebMD. Hormonal imbalance.
  7. InstinctiveBirth. Hormonal changes in the postpartum.
  8. Harvard. Estrogen and female anxiety.
  9. Arthritis Res Ther. 20046:R232.
  10. MayoClinic. Acne.
  11. Reset your hormones
  12. HealthHarvard. Abdominal fat and what to do about it.
  13. Eur Thyroid J. 2012 Oct; 1(3): 159–167
  14. Br J Pharmacol. 2008 Jun; 154(3): 557–568.
  15. HealthHarvard. What to do about excessive sweating.
  16. WebMD. More evidence menopause brain fog is real.
  17. UIowa. Stress hormone and short-term memory loss.
  18. WebMD. Your hunger hormones.
  19. ScienceDaily. Effect of diet, estrogen on gut microbiota.
  20. Gend Med. 2009; 6(Suppl 2): 152–167.
  21. UMM. Chronic fatigue syndrome.
  22. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2012; 6: 1–11.
  23. MayoClinic. Chronic daily headaches.
  24. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 May; 117(5): 1095–1104.
  25. PatientInfo. Hot flushes.
  26. Uptodate. Vaginal dryness.
  27. Cancer. Understanding breast changes.
  28. University of Rochester. Estrogen’s Effects on the Female Body.
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81 Responses to 15 Signs You Have a Hormonal Imbalance and What You Can Do About It

  1. Kris says:

    I have no adrenal glands and have many of the above issues. I need someone to talk to that can help me handle my meds and have a better quality of life. I have a hereditary disease called Carney complex that lead to tumors on my adrenals. I got Cushing’s disease and could have died without surgery. My cortisol levels were 10x higher than normal. Help me help myself by finding someone who specializes in hormone replacement therapy.

  2. violet says:

    hi am 21 years and I have excessive hair growth on my face and chin with make me not comfortable.what medicatiin can I take to remove the unwanted hairs permanently.please help

    • Jenny says:

      I’m not aware of a natural remedy to remove hair permanently. From what I know, laser treatment is the best option.

    • Cherie McClain says:

      No medications for stopping hair growth. Could you have pcos? If not, get laser treatment which will eventually stop the hair growth. Or, try having the hairs threaded. Eventually, over time, they will thin out and maybe stop regrowing.

  3. Aashi says:

    Hi,I am 23 yrs old.I have problem of irregular periods 5 yrs back,hirsutism 3 yrs back and acne 6 months back with complaint of weight gain but my hormone levels are normal,in ultrasound ovaries are also normal……please tell me what should I do?

    • Jenny Hills says:

      I’m not sure if you visited endocrinologist (specialized in hormonal issues). Sometimes the tests done by family doctors don’t detect all the issues. An endocrinologist can do more in depth tests, and might be able to help you with your issues.

  4. Pallavi says:

    water retension or swelling all over the body can also be a problem due to hormonal disbalance..?

    • Jenny says:

      I have read that water retention (edema) can happen due to increase in the production of estrogen, for example during menstrual cycle or estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women, but edema is something that really needs to be properly diagnosed by a professional medical practitioner.

  5. Justina says:

    I had an abortion last year November 24th 2016 but till date I’ve not seen my period till this day, when I run pregnancy test its show negative, what do I do?

    • Jenny Hills says:

      Hi Justina, I have read that many other women have this issue, and it usually depends on the stage of the pregnancy when the abortion occurred as well as individual hormonal variations. It is advisable to see your a doctor to check things out (I’m not a doctor and cannot give specific advice).

  6. estro says:

    It’s amazing the amount of health issues that can occur from an estrogen, progesterone imbalance.

  7. Ramya says:

    Hi I’m 28years.. I have a lots of hair fall… Don’t know why it’s happen to me… But I felt a lot… What can I do for dis…

  8. mano says:

    I m 28..I m going through severe hair fall..weight gain..mood swings..insomnia periods problem. ..I had also PCOS but now it’s clear..
    What should I do. .for my problems. .n which type of test I should do to check that what is the main reason

    • Jenny says:

      I’m not a doctor but checking many references I’ve seen that there is no cure for PCOS, but the symptoms can be managed. Some of the symptoms you describe may be attributed to PCOS as well. I would consult with endocrinologist for a proper diagnosis. He/She will be able to refer you to the required tests.

  9. aliyah says:

    I was 52 and im in menauposal period. Im experiencing dryness and having no sex drive is this normal. I dnt want this feeling 4 my partner sake. Can you help me .is ther medicine that i should take for my hormonal imbalance

  10. Joe says:

    My name is Joe 41, my menstral period is not regular and have hot flashes and sweat a lot.please what is the cause.

    • Jenny Hills says:

      These are signs of menopause, although you are too young for it. I’ve seen that there is “premature menopause” which is defines as menopause occurring in a woman younger than 40 years. About 1% of women experience premature menopause (see more information here). Since I’m not a doctor, I think you should go to your doctor or gynecologist for a proper diagnosis and consultation as for the best treatment plan for you. In the meanwhile you can have a look at my article about natural remedies for hot flashes. In any case, you need to consult with your doctor bafore taking any natural supplements.

  11. senorita says:

    hi am married 6 months ago,
    we have been facing problem for intercourse and I noticed am hardly interested in it
    please suggest if hormonal imbalance could be the reason??

    • Jenny says:

      Generally speaking, hormonal imbalances during menopause can cause some women to experience a low sex drive due to low levels of estrogen. But there are other reasons for low libido, such as certain medications or diseases, stress, depression or fatigue, alcohol, psychological issues and more. If the problem continues, you may want to discuss it with your doctor.

  12. Dee says:

    Hi, I’m currently using the contraceptive implant (nexplannon) is anyone aware whether this can cause hormone imbalance? I’m 19 and currently my breasts are so sore I can barely put a bra on, my boyfriend can’t really come near me without me flinching cause I’m scared of it hurting! I’ve put on weight, cannot sleep at night and when I can I have to turn the fan on full blast (it’s winter and my flat doesn’t have central heating, so my partners not very happy with this lol!) I’ve never struggled with anxiety before, but in the past few months I’ve struggled with anxiety attacks and feeling depressed and dazed. Also my eating habits go from eating everything in the house at once to not being able to stomach anything even slightly rich. Also have suddenly put on weight and got red and sore stretch marks on my bum hips and boobs, have had to take pregnancy tests even though I’m on contraception because my symptoms seem so similar! So the next thing I thought was hormone problems? Anyone else experience this on the nextplannon? Is it worth swapping contraception? Thanks in advance x

    • Tahirah says:

      Hi Dee,

      I think it is highly probable , your contraceptives could be causing your problems. You might have some kind of genetic mutations and can be sensitive to some drugs where your body can’t metabolize them properly. I had issues with contraceptives too, I just stopped and practiced safe sex instead. You could also maybe take a very low dose oral contraceptives. The issues with most of them are just not worth your long term health.

      Try stop what you have now and see if you the changes. I would look for a Naturopath OBGYN who would have a wider range of information compared to a conventional one. Good luck.

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  13. Emma says:

    Very helpful information about hormonal imbalance, in fact it has make it more easier to get to the bottom of my problems alongside my doctor, I’m 36years old, married with 3 children and I was just informed that I have hormonal imbalance properly at the early stage of my maturity which I also noticed and experience all the symptoms but was so ignorant of it. But thank God I know about it now and I hope is not late for me to start treating it. I’m already having alot of troubles in my marriage due to vagina dryness, libido, depression, fatigue insomnia,thyroid and what have you, so honestly I’m worried, scared and nervous .

  14. kim says:

    I had surgery for endometriosis about this time last year, ended up with a nasty staph infection in tummy shortly after surgery. Was later told I also had a small hernia in tummy. My tummy has not been the same since, I am wondering if hormonal imbalance could be a possibility. Tired all the time weight gain around tummy and love handles, my boobs are enlarged and sometimes quite tender/sore. I am on the mirena, definitely no chance of pregnancy. I just feel a bit off. Is there any particular tests that you could recommend to try and figure out if it’s related to my hormone levels?

    • Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer says:

      Hi Kim, there are various hormones that can be checked. These will depend on the reported symptoms and your medical history, so best to consult with your GP.

  15. Alana says:

    I am 44, mother of two, having extreme night sweats frequently changing my pjs in the night because they are soaking wet, falling asleep but waking around 2:00 am and then having fight or flight startle responses when I try to go back to sleep, extreme mood changes, where I don’t feel like myself at all, increased visual migraines, forgetfulness. Just had a full hormone, blood, thyroid panel done at my OBGYN. All within normal ranges. Not menopausal. Doctor thinks I’m suffering from depression. I’m not. Who do I see that will believe me that something is totally out of whack in my body??? I need help. My OBGYN was unimpressed. Basically said “get a fan”. What kind of medical professional do I seek out?

    • Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer says:

      Hi Alana, I would definitely go to get a second opinion from another specialist, maybe this time an endocrinologist (who specialists in hormonal issues). Sometimes it’s hard to detect hormonal problems with blood tests and there is a need to dig further with more tests to find the problem. The attitude of your OBGYN is not accepted. You need to find another specialist who will listen to you and take your issues seriously.

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