Types of Daisies: Amazing Varieties of Daisies and Their Flowers (With Pictures)

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Types of Daisies
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Daisies are a flowering type of plant that belong to one of the largest plant families in the world. The most common type of daisy flowers that most people recognize are the ones with white petals and a yellow center. It is easy to identify most flowers in the daisy family due to their star-shape and elegant petals. Although some daisy species are invasive and regarded as weeds, many species have beautiful bright flowers to add color to any garden.

Daisies are a number of genera (groups) of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae and the order Asterales. The Asteraceae family contains over 1,500 genera of plants, many of which can be called daises. This classification of daisies means that they are also related to plants such as sunflowers, gerberas, asters, marigolds, chrysanthemums, and zinnias.

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One way to identify plants in the daisy family is by their flowers that are in the shape of a star. In fact, some yellow types of daisies resemble the sun’s rays as they fan out from a central yellow disk. Depending on their species and growing environment, species of daisies can be perennials or grown as annuals.

Apart from being just one type of yellow and white dainty flower, there are hundreds of daisy species. These can range from a simple flower with one row of petals to showy types of daisies with double flowers.

In this article, you will find out about some of the most popular daisies that can add a splash of color when they flower from late spring until fall.

Types of Daisies With Pictures and Names

All types of daisies in the family Asteraceae are divided into a number of genera, depending on their identifying features.

Let’s look in more detail at some of the most popular daisy species you can grow in your garden.

Bellis Daisies

Daisies belonging to the genus Bellis are some of the most common types of daisies you will find. Generally, Bellis daisies are perennials that flower in the middle of summer.

English daisies (common daisy)

English daisy

Bellis perennis is a very common type of perennial daisy, also called English daisy

The common daisy is also called the English daisy or lawn daisy and its botanical name is Bellis perennis. This invasive species of daisy has become so common that many gardeners view it as a weed.

English daisies are one of the easiest daisy species to recognize. They are perennial plants that have pure white petals fanning out from a yellow center. These small white flowers are between 0.8” and 1.1” (2 – 3 cm) across, and a single flower grows on top of a leafless stem.

Common English daisies are traditionally used in herbal medicine and their leaves are edible.

Bellis annuna

picture of bellis anuna daisy

Bellis annuna is a type of annual daisy with small white flowers and yellow center

This yellow and white daisy is the only annual type of daisy in the Bellis genus. This daisy species is different from the common daisy as it has wider white petals with a yellow center rather than the more elongated white petals of other daisies.

Another way to identify this type of daisy is by its small flowers. These tiny flowers only measure about 0.4” (1 cm) across.

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Leucanthemum Daisies

There are a number of beautiful daisy species in the genus Leucanthemum. Some of the more showy daisies are grown specifically for their ornamental value and they add beauty to cut flower arrangements.

Oxeye daisies

oxeye-daisy

Oxeye daisies have a classic daisy look with bigger blooms than the common daisy

Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) is the common name for a species of plants in the genus Leucanthemum of the daisy family. This is a perennial daisy plant that grows up to 20” (50 cm) tall and has flowers that can be up to 2” (5 cm) wide. Oxeye daisies have the classic daisy fan floret shape with brilliant white petals and a yellow center.

Shasta daisies

shasta daisy

Shasta daisies are similar to oxeye daisies but grow taller and have larger flowerheads

One of the most popular types of daisies is Shasta daisies (Leucanthemum superbum). This perennial bushy plant provides white petals with yellow center throughout the summer in your garden. They are also very easy to grow and just need to be in an area of your garden that gets full sun.

Shasta daisies grow to between 2 and 4 ft. (60 – 120 cm) tall and each stem has beautiful white flowers.

‘Crazy Daisies’ (Leucanthemum)

crazy daisy

‘Crazy Daisy’ has bushy blooms with several rows of white petals

One of the showiest daisy cultivars in the daisy family is the ‘Crazy Daisy’ cultivar. These yellow and white daisies belong to the genus Leucanthemum and have multiple rows of long thin white petals. This helps to create bushy flowerheads that look just as attractive in gardens as they are in vases.

‘Banana Cream’ Daisy (Leucanthemum)

daisy banana cream

The ‘Banana cream’ cultivar is a type of yellow daisy with big blooms

Because daisies are related to sunflowers, it is no surprise that there are some large varieties of daisy flowers with yellow petals. The ‘Banana cream’ cultivar has massive starry flowers that measure 5” (12 cm). As its name suggests, this daisy species has yellow-cream colored flowers which look stunning against the dark green foliage.

Gerbera Daisies

gerbera daisy

Gerbera Daisies are popular as cut flowers and come in many colors

Some of the largest types of daisy flowers are those on plants in the genus Gerbera (the daisy subfamily Mutisioideae). Gerberas come in a range of colors including red, yellow, white, and multicolored flowers. Some types of gerbera are also referred to as African daisies as they are native to that country.

Gerbera daisies are so popular that they rank high on the list of the world’s most popular flowers.

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Gerbera ‘jamesonii’ daisy

Gerbera jamesonii

Gerbera jamesonii is a common type of gerbera daisy

The most common species of gerbera daisy is the Gerbera jamesonii. This is also called the Transvaal daisy, Barbertonse madeliefie, or the Barberton daisy.

These daisy flowering plants grow as perennials outside and also in containers indoors. A single large red, yellow, orange or pink flower sits on top of a thick erect stem. The long elegant petals are in the shape of the sun’s rays surrounding a yellow-cream-colored center disk. The star-shaped flowerheads measure between 3” and 4” (7 – 10 cm).

Lollipop gerbera daisy

gerbera lollipop

‘Lollipop’ gerbera daisy has a beautiful and showy type of flowerhead

If you are looking for an especially showy type of gerbera, then the ‘Lollipop’ gerbera cultivar is a good choice. As with species of gerbera daisies, there are a number of ‘lollipop’ cultivars. In general, ‘Lollipop’ gerberas have two layers of petals. There is the layer of long elegant petals that are characteristic of all gerbera. They also have an inner ring of shorter petals, usually in contrasting colors.

In most climates, ‘Lollipop’ gerberas grow as annuals.

Chrysanthemum Daisies

The name of this daisy family, ‘chrysanthemum’ literally means ‘golden flower’ in Greek. The plant family is also called Tanacetum and contains many species of showy daisy flowers.

Painted daisies

painted daisy

Painted daisies are perennial plants with pretty pink, purple and red flowers

The most common daisy species in the Chrysanthemum genus are called painted daisies. These perennials flower from early summer and continue until the start of fall. The star-shaped daisies have a large yellow disk in the center. One of the reasons why these daisies are so popular is due to the large number of flowers on the plant. This bushy type of daisy plant can add beautiful pinks, reds, purples, and whites to your summer garden.

Their long sturdy, straight stems mean that painted daisies are a great choice for cut flower arrangements. Also, their beautiful ray flowers last a long time in a vase.

Golden feverfew daises

Golden feverfew

‘Golden feverfew daisy’ has short oval white petals and large yellow center

Another popular variety of daisy in the genus Tanacetum is the ‘golden feverfew daisy’ (Tanacetum parthenium ‘Aureum’). These dainty daisy flowers have the classic white petals and yellow centers that daisies are famous for. The short oval petals in a single row fan out in ray around a large golden yellow disk. These low-growing, sun-loving perennials are a good choice for borders as they only grow to about 12” – 24” (30 – 60 cm) high.

Tanacetum coccineum ‘Robinson’s Red’ daisy

One of the most beautiful chrysanthemum daisies is the ‘Robinson’s Red’ cultivar. This spectacular daisy has deep pink or magenta petals with contrasting bright yellow disk center. This plant from the daisy family also has fern-like foliage that adds color and volume to cut flower arrangements.

Arctotis Daisies / Osteospermum (African Daisies)

African daisy flowers

African daisies have one of the most colorful types of daisy flowers

There are a few daisy genera that are called African daisies. These species of daisies also have some of the most colorful daisy flowers you will find. Let’s look at a few of the most popular ones to brighten up your garden or room.

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Arctotis daisies

Daisies in the genus Arctotis are tender perennials and may need to be taken indoors in cooler weather. The daisies usually grow in clumps and can grow to between 12” and 24” tall (30 – 60 cm) and have a spread of 12” (30 cm). Here are a few outstanding Arctotis daisy cultivars:

The Ravers ‘Pumpkin Pie’ is a spectacular type of African daisy that has a gerbera-like flower head. This beautiful daisy has deep orange petals with a black disk center surrounded by a yellow ring.

Arctotis hybrid ‘Wine’ has delicately-colored pink and white petals in a fan shape. The petals are darker nearer the center which is a grayish-white color.

Arctotis hybrid ‘Flame’ is an African daisy that lives up to its name with its fiery-orange spiky-looking petals. The large flowers on top of the tall stems are 4” (10 cm) wide.

Osteospermum African daisies

Another daisy genus classed as ‘African daisies’ are flowers in the Calenduleae tribe and genus Osteospermum. This may be one of the smaller genera of African daisies, but the flowers are among the most beautiful. Here are a few of the most stunning African daisies from the genus.

soprano purple

Osteospermum ‘Soprano Purple’ comes in various shades of purple, from deep to light purple

Osteospermum ‘Soprano Purple’ is a stunning type of African daisy due to its deep purple, almost black center. The elongated oval leaves are various shades of purple and produce beautiful blooms in early summer. With each plant, you get a mound of beautiful purple or lilac daisy flowers.

Osteospermum 'orange Symphony'

‘Lemon Symphony’ daisy (left) and ‘Orange Symphony’ daisy cultivars (right)

Osteospermum ‘Lemon Symphony’ is composed of brightly-colored yellow petals and a small dark center. If you look closely at pictures of these daisies, you will notice that the petals form a deep purple-colored ring near the center. Plant in full sun to cheer up your garden with these yellow flowers.

A similar African daisy cultivar to this one is the ‘Orange Symphony.’

Osteospermum ‘Bright Lights Double Moonglow’ is one of the showiest flowers of all the African daisy varieties. This beautiful type of daisy has creamy-yellow petals surrounding a bushy yellow center. The daisy cultivar grows in short clumps not more than 12” (30 cm) tall. Apart from the spectacular showy flowers, this perennial blooms from late spring right up until the first frost.

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Argyranthemum Daisies (Paris daisy / Marguerite daisy)

marguerite daisy

Argyranthemum Daisies have white, yellow or pink flowers with various shapes of petals

Daisies in the genus Argyranthemum have striking ray florets that look like a bright star. In most warm climates, these Paris daisies (also called marguerite daisies) grow as perennials. However, they may not survive cold winters and in some climates, you have to plant them every year.

Some of the most striking cultivars of this genus have spiky-looking flowers. Due to their showy display of starry flowers, Paris daisies are grown for their ornamental value.

Most varieties have pure white flowers with lance-shaped petals. These fan out from a bushy center to form a beautiful ‘aster’ shape. Other varieties of these daisies have yellow or pink flowers. Some types of marguerite daisies have small daisy-like flowers with oval, rather than spiky-looking petals.

Coneflowers

Daisies in the genus Rudbeckia and Echinacea are commonly referred to as coneflowers. They are called this because their petals tend to droop down from the center to form a cone shape. Most coneflowers are hardy perennial daisies that can be some of the last plants to flower at the end of fall.

Here are some of the best and most popular coneflowers from the daisy family:

Black-eyed Susan

rudbeckia

Most cultivars of rudbeckia flowers have yellow petals

Black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia hirta) are spectacular yellow daisies that create a splash of yellow in the fall. Most cultivars of this daisy species have large pretty yellow petals and a contrasting black center.

Some Black-eyed Susan cultivars such as ‘Indian Summer’, ‘Little Henry,’ or ‘Sweet coneflowers’ are simple flowers with a row of long yellow petals. Other showy cultivars such as ‘Cherokee Sunset’ or ‘Sonora’ have large bushy flowers in various shades of reds, oranges, and yellows.

Echinacea coneflowers

echinacea

Echinacea purpurea have purple petals with reddish cone-shaped center

Echinacea flowers are a member of the daisy family in the tribe Heliantheae. These species of daisies are easy to grow and will tolerate most conditions in your garden. To get the best out of the purple flowers, plant them in mass to provide plenty of fall colors for your garden.

The most common type of echinacea is the Echinacea purpurea. This has lilac-purple petals that droop down from a reddish showy cone-shaped center. Apart from growing Echinacea purpurea for its showy flowers, you can also make medicinal herbal echinacea tea from its stems and leaves.

Some of the most outstanding Echinacea daisy-type flower cultivars include the following:

Echinacea ‘Flame Thrower’ has two-tone red and orange petals with a massive cone-shaped center that is brown red. This tall daisy plant adds beautiful orange flowers and fall colors to your garden.

echinacea flame

Echinacea ‘Flame Thrower’ daisy has one of the most beautiful types of flowers

Echinacea ‘Double Delight’ is one of the few Echinacea plants with double flowers. The center is a pompom-like bushy flower and from this, elongated pink petals form drooping rays.

Echinacea ‘Double Delight’ daisy picture

Echinacea ‘Double Delight’ daisy

Echinacea ‘Tomato Soup’ has large tomato-red petals drooping down from a dark-brown ball-shaped center. The flowers are some of the largest in the Echinacea species with them measuring around 6” (15 cm) wide. Plant in your garden for an amazing show of red daisies in the fall.

echinacea tomato soup

Echinacea ‘Tomato Soup’ daisy with red flowers

Echinacea pallida is a species of Echinacea flowers that are identified by their long thin drooping purple flowers. These attractive daisy plants with their spindly flowers look very attractive in contrast to their dark green foliage.

echinacea pallida

Echinacea pallida daisy with pink petals

Echinacea ‘White Swan’ has the flower features of a typical Echinacea plant and the colors of a traditional daisy. The flowers have a yellow cone-like center protruding from a ray of short white petals surrounding it. These are very hardy perennials that will attract pollinating insects late in the season.

echinacea white swan

Echinacea ‘White Swan’ daisy

Other Types of Daisies

Apart from the most popular daisies mentioned in this list, there are a number of other daisy species that grow in the wild.

Townsendia parryi

Townsendia parryi is a type of wild flowering daisy

Townsendia daisies are a type of wild flowering plant that grows in high elevations. Depending on the species, these white and yellow flowering plants can be annuals or perennials. Some species have attractive flowers that grow on tall stems and produce ray florets. Other native species are small daily plants that have a spreading nature.

Monoptilon bellioides

Monoptilon bellioides are annual type of daisy

Monoptilon daisies are also called desertstars and are native to North America. They are a small genus of annual daisy plants that have dainty white petals like the sun’s rays and a yellow center.

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